WinClose

Closes the specified window.

WinClose WinTitle, WinText, SecondsToWait, ExcludeTitle, ExcludeText

Parameters

WinTitle

Type: String, Integer or Object

A window title or other criteria identifying the target window. See WinTitle.

WinText

Type: String

If present, this parameter must be a substring from a single text element of the target window (as revealed by the included Window Spy utility). Hidden text elements are detected if DetectHiddenText is ON.

SecondsToWait

Type: Integer or Float

If omitted or blank, the function will not wait at all. If 0, it will wait 500ms. Otherwise, it will wait the indicated number of seconds (can contain a decimal point or be an expression) for the window to close. If the window does not close within that period, the script will continue. While the function is in a waiting state, new threads can be launched via hotkey, custom menu item, or timer.

ExcludeTitle

Type: String

Windows whose titles include this value will not be considered.

ExcludeText

Type: String

Windows whose text include this value will not be considered.

Error Handling

An exception is thrown if the window could not be found, except if the group mode is used.

No exception is thrown if a window is found but cannot be closed, so use WinExist or WinWaitClose if you need to determine for certain that a window has closed.

Remarks

This function sends a close message to a window. The result depends on the window (it may ask to save data, etc.)

If a matching window is active, that window will be closed in preference to any other matching window. In general, if more than one window matches, the topmost (most recently used) will be closed.

This function operates only upon a single window except when WinTitle is ahk_group GroupName (with no other criteria specified), in which case all windows in the group are affected.

WinClose sends a WM_CLOSE message to the target window, which is a somewhat forceful method of closing it. An alternate method of closing is to send the following message. It might produce different behavior because it is similar in effect to pressing Alt+F4 or clicking the window's close button in its title bar:

PostMessage 0x112, 0xF060,,, WinTitle, WinText  ; 0x112 = WM_SYSCOMMAND, 0xF060 = SC_CLOSE

If a window does not close via WinClose, you can force it to close with WinKill.

Window titles and text are case sensitive. Hidden windows are not detected unless DetectHiddenWindows has been turned on.

Related

WinKill, WinWaitClose, ProcessClose, WinActivate, SetTitleMatchMode, DetectHiddenWindows, Last Found Window, WinExist, WinActive, WinWaitActive, WinWait, GroupActivate

Examples

#1

if WinExist("Untitled - Notepad")
    WinClose ; use the window found above
else
    WinClose "Calculator"