MenuSelect

Invokes a menu item from the menu bar of the specified window.

MenuSelect WinTitle, WinText, Menu , SubMenu1, SubMenu2, SubMenu3, SubMenu4, SubMenu5, SubMenu6, ExcludeTitle, ExcludeText

Parameters

WinTitle

Type: String, Integer or Object

A window title or other criteria identifying the target window. See WinTitle.

WinText

Type: String

If present, this parameter must be a substring from a single text element of the target window (as revealed by the included Window Spy utility). Hidden text elements are detected if DetectHiddenText is ON.

Menu

Type: String

The name (or a prefix of the name) of the top-level menu item, e.g. File, Edit, View. It can also be the position of the desired menu item by using 1& to represent the first menu, 2& the second, and so on.

The search is case-insensitive according to the rules of the current user's locale, and stops at the first matching item. The use of ampersand (&) to indicate the underlined letter in a menu item is usually not necessary (i.e. &File is the same as File).

Known limitation: If the parameter contains an ampersand, it must match the item name exactly, including all non-literal ampersands (which are hidden or displayed as an underline). If the parameter does not contain an ampersand, all ampersands are ignored, including literal ones. For example, an item displayed as "a & b" may match a parameter value of a && b or a  b.

Specify 0& to use the window's system menu.

SubMenu1

Type: String

The name of the menu item to select or its position (see above).

This can be omitted if the top-level item does not contain a menu (rare).

SubMenu2

Type: String

If SubMenu1 itself contains a menu, this is the name of the menu item inside, or its position.

SubMenu3
SubMenu4
SubMenu5
SubMenu6

Type: String

Same as above.

ExcludeTitle

Type: String

Windows whose titles include this value will not be considered.

ExcludeText

Type: String

Windows whose text include this value will not be considered.

Error Handling

An exception is thrown in the following cases:

Remarks

For this function to work, the target window need not be active. However, some windows might need to be in a non-minimized state.

This function will not work with applications that use non-standard menu bars. Examples include Microsoft Outlook and Outlook Express, which use disguised toolbars for their menu bars. In these cases, consider using ControlSend or PostMessage, which should be able to interact with some of these non-standard menu bars.

The menu name parameters can also specify positions. This method exists to support menus that don't contain text (perhaps because they contain pictures of text rather than actual text). Position 1& is the first menu item (e.g. the File menu), position 2& is the second menu item (e.g. the Edit menu), and so on. Menu separator lines count as menu items for the purpose of determining the position of a menu item.

Window titles and text are case sensitive. Hidden windows are not detected unless DetectHiddenWindows has been turned on.

System Menu

Menu can be 0& to select an item within the window's system menu, which typically appears when the user presses Alt+Space or clicks on the icon in the window's title bar. For example:

; Paste a command into cmd.exe without activating the window.
A_Clipboard := "echo Hello, world!`r"
MenuSelect "ahk_exe cmd.exe",, "0&", "Edit", "Paste"

Caution: Use this only on windows which have custom items in their system menu.

If the window does not already have a custom system menu, a copy of the standard system menu will be created and assigned to the target window as a side effect. This copy is destroyed by the system when the script exits, leaving other scripts unable to access it. Therefore, avoid using 0& for the standard items which appear on all windows. Instead, post the WM_SYSCOMMAND message directly. For example:

; Like "WinMinimize A", but also play the system sound for minimizing.
WM_SYSCOMMAND := 0x112
SC_MINIMIZE := 0xF020
PostMessage WM_SYSCOMMAND, SC_MINIMIZE, 0,, A

Related

ControlSend, PostMessage

Examples

#1: This will select File->Open in Notepad:

MenuSelect "Untitled - Notepad", , "File", "Open"

; Same as above except it's done by position vs. name:
MenuSelect "Untitled - Notepad", , "1&", "2&"